The federal laws listed below establish an assisted living program for low-income people with disabilities:
- McKinney Homeless Assistance Act
- National Housing Law – Section 811
- Housing Act of 1959 – Section 202
- US Housing Act of 1937
These laws provide federal money for operating costs and help with rental costs for housing projects that serve people with disabilities. They also allow people with disabilities to live with dignity and independence within their communities by expanding the housing offer that accommodates their special needs and providing them with support services that respond to their needs.
- Low-income or homeless people with disabilities can benefit from this law.
- The assisted living program for the homeless with disabilities.
- The purpose of the program.
This is a program created by the McKinney Homeless Assistance Act. Its purpose is to authorize the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to make certain concessions to the state or local governments, private non-profit organizations or health associations. These concessions are to promote the development of “solidarity housing” and “support services,” including innovative approaches to help the homeless in the transition of living independently. Here is more information on the McKinney Homeless Assistance Act.
Types of house assistance projects
Under this program, HUD can provide grants to 2 types of assisted living projects:
- Permanent housing for homeless people with disabilities: these projects provide long-term, community-based housing and support services. There are limits on the number of homeless people with disabilities who can participate in these projects. In general, the project can serve no more than eight people in a single structure. However, under certain circumstances, the project can serve up to 16 people or more.
- Temporary housing: This type of project offers temporary housing to promote the circulation of homeless people and families to permanent housing. It is designed especially for homeless people who do not have institutional support, and homeless people with mental disabilities and other disabilities.
You can stay in transitional housing for two years. You can stay longer, if permanent housing has not been located for you or your family, or if you need more time to prepare for an independent life. However, HUD can stop all aid to the transitional housing project if more than half of the homeless or families in that project remain there for more than two years.
HUD may also decide to fund other types of projects that are innovative or that provide alternative methods to meet the needs of the homeless. All assisted housing must be safe and sanitary. You must comply with the housing codes and state and local licensing requirements that apply.
Types of subsidies available for these projects:
When HUD subsidizes one of these types of assisted living projects, it must be for one or more of the following types of assistance, to be used as assisted living:
- A subsidy of up to $ 200,000 for the acquisition or rehabilitation of an existing structure.
- A subsidy of up to $ 400,000 for the new construction of a structure.
- A subsidy for the rent of an existing structure.
- Annual payments up to 75% of the operating costs for housing.
- A subsidy for the costs of support services for the homeless.
The Department of Children and Family Services (DCFS) can authorize transitional housing programs for youth. These programs provide shelter for minors. A transitional housing option may also provide other services, including:
- An evaluation of the service.
- Individualized case management.
- Training in life skills.
To be eligible, a minor must:
- Be at least 16 years old, not older than 18.
- Go to an authorized program.
- Not having any regular place to live.
- Not living with your parent or guardian.
- Wanting to be part of the temporary housing program.
- Obtain the consent of their parents or give their consent if they receive crisis intervention services.
If the child leaves or is expelled from the temporary housing program before the age of 18, the program must contact the Youth Services Agency that worked with the child. That agency will help find a different placement for the child.
Where do I get more information about house assistance?
Statutes and regulations
- The Section 811 program of the National Affordable Housing Act can be found at 42 USCA 8013. Federal regulations for that program can be found at 24 CFR Part 891.
- Federal regulations for the Section 202 program can also be found at 24 CFR Part 891.
- The designated public housing provisions of the 1937 US Housing Act can be found at 42 USCA §1437e. The federal regulation for designated public housing can be found in 24 CFR Part 945.
- The Joint Income Subsidized Housing Law is located at 310 ILCS 75.
How do I locate subsidized housing projects in my area?
Housing projects that provide support services to eligible youth will be designated in accordance to the laws described above. For example, they could be considered as Section 811 or Section 202 or as a combination of Section 202/811. These projects work in every state throughout the United States.
You can get a list of subsidized housing projects available through the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). You can also obtain information about the existence of local housing projects from your local Public Housing Authority (PHA).
To obtain a list of rental subsidy programs in your area:
- Call HUD at (312) 353-6236, ext. 2132 (Multifamily housing); (312) 353-5944 (TTY).
- Call IHDA at (312) 836-5383; (312) 836-5222.
- Call RDA at (800) 835-5159 (Rural Housing Section); 398-5396 (TTY) (217).